Herbarium

Tetterwort (Chelidonium majus)

Other names: celandine ordinary, celandine, celandine herbs, grasses of jaundice, the grass of Celandine, milk snake, snake grapes, yellow grass.

Description of the plant: celandine is permanent herbaceous plant with thick and train Nast corms and branched stem height of 30 to 70 cm.The stalk has tufts of hair and thickened knuckles here and there . The leaves are pinnately divided, on the upper part they have a dull green colour, on the downside they're blue-green. Yellow flowers are arranged in rare thyroid blossoms. The corolla is composed of four petals and the cup of two greenish sepals, which is wrapped in a flower, and fall when it blossom. The fruit is cylindrical quiver, with many black and brown shiny seeds, which have tiny whitish pendant. Celandine is easily recognized by the orange liquid excrement which has a "burning effect" in the eyes when you tear off the leaf. The root and stems are full of that juice.

Flowering time: from late April to late August.

Habitat: growing on abandoned sites, waterways, near human settlements, with railings, fences and walls, and between the stones.

The medicinal part of the plant: for the medicine the whole plant is summed during flowering. Dry in the shade, preferably as soon as possible.

Pharmaceutical action: celandine, known to the mud bath herb which has been used successfully in the treatment of diseases of the digestive tract, especially in the stomach, gall bladder and liver. Also, useful in the treatment of asthma, kidney and bladder. Celandine used externally in the treatment of lichen, scabs and other skin diseases.

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