Symphytum officinale

Other names: Black comfrey, kilnjak, horsetail, comfrey great.

Description of the plant: Comfrey has a juicy, rough hairy stem. height 20 to 100 cm. Perennial comfrey root grows very deep in the ground. It's fat, branched, spindle-shaped and juicy. The exterior is dark brown to blackish in color, and the inside is white to light yellow. The lower leaves are large with stems, oval and have rough hair. The leaves on the stem are arranged alternately rough and hairy all over the surface. The flowers emerge during the summer from the armpits of the upper leaves, and they are facing down in unilaterally bent inflorescences. They have the form of narrow rings and their color is white to pink or purple.

Flowering time: May to August.

Habitat: comfrey grows throughout Central Europe. Located in moist ditches, with water and wet meadows. For farmers it proves to be a big problem since the weeds are difficult to eradicate (due to the length of the root).

The medicinal part of the plant: the drug is collected from the leaves and the root. The root is collected in the spring and late fall. After the excavation, it’s washed and what is not lost from the slimy juice is first left to dry, cut into pieces and completely dried in a warm place.

Pharmaceutical action: of all domestic herbs comfrey contains allantoin, a substance which primarily operates in the creation of new cells - Comfrey is used in the treatment of wounds, helping even with neglected festering wounds. It heals all kinds of injuries: cracking, cuts, broken bones, hemorrhage, etc. The root of comfrey is effective in the treatment of various problems, digestive organs, against catarrh of the stomach (with or without diarrhea), dysentery, kidney disease and too strong pain during menstruation. It’s used for stomach bleeding, bronze-halnog catarrh, pneumonia, cough and bloody sputum, pleurisy and others.