Description of the plant: Sage is a perennial half-brush plant with a height of 30 to 60 cm. It has strong roots and a woody stem. The lower parts of the stems are woody and herbaceous above. The stem is straight and quadrangular. The leaves are narrow, elliptical, finely wrinkled with a long stem, and the stem oppositely arranged. The whole plant is covered with a gray desert. Large dark violet flowers are gathered in blooms like spikes that are made up of vertebrae. Flower is light, and the calyx and corolla have glandular hairs.
Flowering time: From May through July.
Habitat: grows wild on stony and barren places, and can also be grown in gardens.
The medicinal part of the plant: to make a remedy, leaves and young twigs are collected before the flowering occurs.
Pharmaceutical action: sage cures hoarseness, purifies the blood and strengthens the nerves, warms the stomach, relieves flatulence, helps with every kind of colds, catarrh and influenza. It is an excellent remedy for liver cleansing, for kidney disease and against night sweats.