Herbarium

Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)

Other names: rosemary, Rosmarin, rosemary, Rusmarin, rosemary, Ružman, zimorad.

Description of the plant: rosemary is branched bushy plant that is green in the winter. The leaves are opposite, sitting. leathery, hard and narrow, length of 2-3 cm. The edges of the leaves are whole and downward bent. The upper side of the leaf is dark green in color, and lower off-white and slightly tomentose. Between the sheets, at the ends of branches are developed whorls on small stalks violet-blue flowers. -Their smell is strong, camphor-like flavor and spicy, aromatic and slightly bitter.

Flowering time: from March until May, and sometimes in September.

Habitat: Located on the sunny sides and rocky coastal areas and islands, and as an ornamental plant grown in gardens, par-ministered in pots. It is sensitive to cold and should be protected.

The medicinal part of the plant: for medication purpose, the flowers, shoots and leaves are collected in bloom. The flowers and plants are collected in April and May, and they have to be dried in a shade, kept in sealed containers, just like the other plants that evaporate.

Pharmaceutical action: Rosemary is very useful as a medicine to improve blood circulation, to treat indigestion and sluggishness of the stomach and anemia. Plant operates to improve liver function and emptying of the gallbladder, and this, in turn, affects the overall improvement of the whole organism. It is used to treat paralysis, rheumatism, muscle, nerve pain, headaches, and mental and physical exhaustion. It is also used as a means to improve vision. For use on the intestinal parts of the body, the preparing tea, and for use on external parts of the body, alcoholic solution or macerate with essential oil which is used as a means to massage.

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